SINGAPORE: Singapore’s female resident employment rate has increased over the past decade, from 54% in 2010 to 57.7% in 2020, which ranks well against OECD countries, a said Minister of State for Manpower, Gan Siow Huang, on Wednesday 12 January.
She was responding to parliamentary questions from Ms. Cheryl Chan (PAP – East Coast) and Ms. Tin Pei Ling (PAP – MacPherson) on employment trends for women.
Ms. Chan asked for the observations of the Ministry of Manpower (MOM) on emerging trends for professional women joining emerging industries such as digitalization and sustainability. Ms. Tin asked which growth sectors are currently experiencing the greatest shortage of female talent and leaders, and what factors might have contributed to this gender imbalance.
Ms. Gan said the share of women among professionals, managers, executives and technicians (PMET) increased over the decade, from 41.1% to 45.6%.
“We are seeing more and more women joining growing sectors such as information and communications, financial services, health and social services,” she said. “In total, women represent 52.8% in these three sectors.
The share of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) jobs, although lower, has increased from 29.9% in 2015 to 32.4% in 2020.
A 2019 study on the adjusted gender pay gap in Singapore found that differences in gender ratios between occupations could be due to gender differences in personality and psychological traits, skills, different values placed on workplace flexibility, as well as social norms, Gan said.
“We will continue to work with our tripartite partners and community stakeholders to support women’s participation in the labor market and help them enter and remain in the professions of their choice, including in emerging sectors.