In total, less than 1,000 positions are open in the fields of justice, administration, social affairs, financial management, basic education, agriculture, civil engineering, mining, animal husbandry and industries and public health.
Through these competitions, Cameroon is preparing to recruit the lowest number of public officials since 2018. Indeed, a compilation of official figures reveals that 1,536 positions had been opened in 2021, against 3,700 positions filled in 2020, and respectively 5,411 and 5,179 open positions in 2020. 2019 and 2018.
According to government forecasts, this rationalization of recruitment should intensify in the years to come, with a programmed freeze on the systematic integration into the civil service of graduates of the École Normale Supérieure (ENS), who generally constitute the bulk recruitments. every year.
With this strategy, the State of Cameroon intends to control the wage bill of public officials, which increasingly unbalances the state budget, according to officials. Between 2011 and the end of June 2021, this wage bill increased from 681.4 billion CFA francs to more than 1,000 billion CFA francs, according to figures from the Ministry of Finance.
Better still, for more than 10 years, this payroll has been well above the sustainability ratio (ratio between the volume of tax and customs revenue collected during a year and the expenditure of State personnel, editor’s note) set at 35% maximum . within the framework of multilateral monitoring criteria set by CEMAC (Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Chad, CAR and Equatorial Guinea).
According to the medium-term economic and budgetary programming document (2023-2025), the basis of the 2022 budgetary orientation debate, Cameroon intends to reduce this indicator to 33.8% in 2025. This ambition includes, among other actions, the rationalization recruitment of state employees.