Employment rate in India: NSO develops three indicators of work, according to which 15% of people over 60 worked part-time in 2017-2020

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The National Statistics Office said on Tuesday that the proportion of employed people working part-time in the 46-59 age bracket at all levels in India was over 10% between 2017 and 2020, while that in the over-60s age group, the proportion of employed people working part-time was over 15%.

He also said that in developed countries, policymakers have encouraged part-time work in an effort to redistribute working time in countries with high unemployment, thereby reducing politically sensitive unemployment rates without demanding an increase in the number total hours worked.

In India, the proportion of employed people working part-time is higher among women than men, regardless of age group, the ONS said in its working paper on compiling labor indicators. from a minimum set of gender indicators to develop a methodology to compile three working indicators. .

According to the document, the employment rate of employed workers living in a household with no children under three rose to 61.2% in FY20 from 58.37% in FY18 in the 26-49 age group.

He also reported that the proportion of employed persons who are employers in the over 15 age group was estimated at 1.91%, 2.17% and 2.02%, respectively for 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20.

The ONS sought public input to develop three work indicators: ‘Proportion of employees working part-time, by gender’, ‘Proportion of employees who are employers, by gender’ and ‘Employment rate of persons aged 25 to 49 living in a household with at least one child under the age of 3 and without children under the age of 3 living in the household, by sex” based on data from the periodic survey on the forces of (PLFS) available in “Person level data of first visit schedule”

The International Labor Organization (ILO) is the custodian agency for these indicators, the ONS said. He considered workers employed part-time as the proportion of those who work less than 30 hours per week.

“There has been a rapid growth in part-time work over the past few decades in developed economies,” NSO said, adding that this trend is linked to women’s increased participation in the labor market, but results also policies aimed at increasing the flexibility of the labor market. in response to changes in the organization of work within industries and the growth of the service sector.

He warned policymakers of the apparent move towards more flexible working arrangements, namely the risk that these working arrangements will be less economically secure and less stable than full-time employment. Part-time employment was seen as an instrument to increase labor supply. Indeed, as part-time work can offer the possibility of a better balance between professional life and family responsibilities, and is suitable for workers who prefer shorter working hours and more time for their private life, it can allow more people of working age to actually join the labor force.

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